Publications - Published papers

Please find below publications of our group. Currently, we list 508 papers. Some of the publications are in collaboration with the group of Sonja Prohaska and are also listed in the publication list for her individual group. Access to published papers (access) is restricted to our local network and chosen collaborators. If you have problems accessing electronic information, please let us know:

©NOTICE: All papers are copyrighted by the authors; If you would like to use all or a portion of any paper, please contact the author.

Folding Kinetics of Large RNAs

Michael Geis, Christoph Flamm, Michael T. Wolfinger, Ivo L. Hofacker, Martin Middendorf, Christian Mandl, Peter F. Stadler, Caroline Thurner


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J.Mol.Biol. 379: 160-173 (2008)


We introduce here a heuristic approach to kinetic RNA folding that constructs secondary structures by stepwise combination of building blocks. These blocks correspond to sub-sequences and their thermodynamically optimal structures. These are determined by the standard dynamic programming approach to RNA folding. Folding trajectories are modeled at base pair resolution using the Morgan-Higgs heuristic and a barrier tree based heuristic to connect combinations of the local building blocks. Implemented in the program <tt>Kinwalker</tt>, the algorithm allows co-transcriptional folding and can be used to fold sequences of up to about 1500 nucleotides in length. A detailed comparison with several well-studied examples from the literature, including the delayed folding of bacteriophage cloverleaf structures, the ASR riboswitch, and the Hok RNA, shows an excellent agreement of predicted trajectories and experimental evidence. The software is available as part of the <tt>Vienna RNA Package</tt>.


RNA folding kinetics, Co-transcriptional folding, Folding pathway, Metastable structure, Folding Trajectories